Answer: b, c, e. 32. c. Initially, medical management is indicated in all patients who do not have neurologic deterioration a. c. Schwannoma The history of trepanation dates back to the Neolithic period. The interviewer might push you to say something negative about the other applicant but NEVER do this. ", D. Should not be treated surgically when they occur in the cerebellum. c. Neurotmesis is disruption of the axon with preservation of the axon sheath which usually preserves sensory and motor function Which of the following statement(s) is/are true concerning his subsequent course. We advise getting mentorship on how to answer regarding your personal deficiency from school counselors or neurosurgeons who mentor you and can assist in formulating an honest and strong response that will help you rather than hurt you. d. Medulloblastoma What was the most interesting case that you have been involved in? ga('send', 'pageview'); e. Cytologic examination of CSF is almost always positive with meningeal metastasis D. Extradural neoplasms are usually malignant. E. Weakness of dorsiflexion of the left foot. } Most commonly, now, a brain abscess is treated by: A bacterial brain abscess secondary to hematogenous spread from the pericolonic infection is the likely diagnosis Programs may not require applicants to come back for a second visit (see below) or imply that a second visit is used to determine the applicant’s placement. As you complete your fourth year of medical school, it's time to start interviewing with the institutions where you're considering completing your general surgical residency. Have as many as five prepared for each category (though you will often only be asked for one or two), and make sure to describe how you have been working on improving each one you mention. Home » NEUROSURGERY MCQs » 300+ TOP NEUROSURGERY Objective Questions and Answers, 1. Answer: D, 14. Regardless of how you answer any specific question in any of the above categories, keep in mind that the interview should be more than a routine interview; your interviewer should feel engaged and excited to meet you and speak with you. This is a very common question, so be ready with all the details, including patient positioning, approach, anatomy, as all will potentially be asked of you. A. Rehemorrhage. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true? Patient safety always comes first and before any team dynamics – this cannot be stressed enough and it is important that you mention that as part of your reasoning, however you answer your question. Provide subtle cues that you are listening to your interviewer as he or she speaks to you. Other topics to avoid asking questions about are salary and other similar benefits of the program. The point is to get you out of your comfort zone and evaluate your ability to multitask without becoming frazzled. If you are uncomfortable with prolonged eye contact. C. Cerebral lacerations. "url": "https://www.neurosurgicalatlas.com/volumes/medical-student-guide-for-matching-in-neurosurgery/interviews", D. The three key developments that were necessary to permit successful intracranial and intraspinal surgery were anesthesia, asepsis, and the concept of localization of different functions in different areas of the nervous system. C. Bacterial meningitis may lead to the development of hydrocephalus. This is also another opportunity to jive with the interviewer who may have played or plays the same sport as you! who have done this particularly well and discuss how they potentially balance their obligations. C. A diminished or absent right ankle jerk. We are unable to continue the Atlas without a significant donation from you. A boring interview is neither distinctive nor decisive during the ranking process, but standing out as an excellent conversationalist will be remembered. We recommend resisting the urge to spin your weaknesses into strengths (“I’m a perfectionist…but that means I do really well on everything!”). What should I look for on my interview and tour day? Lifestyle Digest, updates@m.womenco.com 1. Which of the following signs does Horner’s syndrome include? (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){(i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), E. Lymphoma. However, one of the best ways to convey your interest in a program is to ask your interviewers detailed, specific questions about the program. B. William Macewen of Scotland. applicationId: 'GFVEMUXOFA', This is tough, because many of us have not had any experience which can truly prove that you have the hands to do it. You can also mention interests in teaching, academics, technological advancement etc. d. Appropriate parenteral antibiotic treatment should be sufficient in this high risk patient. You’ll have compelling and relevant answers to the residency interview questions, increasing the odds that you’ll shine. “Great to meet you, Dr. Smith” and “Thank you, Dr. Jones” go a long way toward appearing like a warm and friendly person. a. Neuropraxia is temporary loss of function without axonal injury; structure damage does not occur The presence of hypotension associated with a cervical spine injury following blunt trauma would suggest invariably the presence of blood loss in association with the neurologic injury Google Drive, Dropbox, etc.) One way to answer the question is to state, honestly and openly, that there is no real way to know until you get there, but you are looking forward to learning. Over 85% of cerebral aneurysms occur in the carotid or anterior circulation The evaluation of a comatose patient with a head injury begins with: Another opportunity to express something personal about yourself that is not in your ERAS application. You will never be discredited for wanting to take care of someone in the best way possible. C. Ischemic stroke. It's quick to learn and affordable. a. This cannot be stressed enough. Especially since many applicants will still be rotating when interview invitations begin to arrive, it is important to monitor your inbox frequently for invitations. E. Marsupialization of the abscess. Bad answer: “I love to shop. Still others use smartwatches (which can be more discreetly checked while in the hospital) to alert them of incoming emails. e. Anal sphincter muscle disturbances can be expected in most patients and are of no clinical significance It is best to answer these questions with real-life stories and examples. NEUROSURGERY Objective Type Questions with Answers. window.algolia = { Neurosurgery Residency Interview Questions and Answers. These interactions can be genuine, but there will always be stories on the trail about applicants and programs that were not being honest, and remember that neurosurgery is a small field in which chairmen and program directors all know each other and do discuss matters of common interest, including the application process. Specifically, did you fit in with the culture of the program you just visited? window.apiLoginID = '2N37qgFPmN'; If you are interested in a second look (see below,) tell the program director and the program coordinator when you email them. The faculty should remember something especially meaningful and enduring about you. 100 Strong Residency Interview Questions, Answers, and Rationales for the Residency Match (Pharmacist Residency and Career Series Book 3) 4.2 out of 5 stars (53) Kindle Edition . C. Electroencephalography. $9.99 . }, This fact is further underscored by the fact that programs will usually have only two or three interview dates. window.clientKey = '5J3cGVHHFrFM4b5YRE3nfYj7YGmB6r8w4Kqxc45KD9zt2qRDBhssCx29Z4nC3KL7'; ga('create', 'UA-33977759-1', 'auto'); Surgical therapy for epilepsy should be considered in patients with: A. "url": "https://www.neurosurgicalatlas.com/assets/images/logo-2019.svg" E. X-ray films of the lumbosacral spine are obtained to demonstrate the presence and location of a lumbar disc herniation. What is the greatest sacrifice you have made to get to where you are? Why should we choose you? These questions will vary, but their general underlying theme is captured by the questions below. As a warning, many applicants have experienced difficulties accessing the ERAS message center and the scheduling applet from smartphones (especially Apple iOS-based devices). b. Whether you had an interesting life experience or have recently developed a new hobby that is not listed in ERAS, take this opportunity to show off how interesting and versatile you are. Which of the following conditions can be evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)? Thank you for publishing this article. E. A lung cancer patient whose plain film of the lumbar spine shows a compression fracture of the L2 vertebral body. } If the patient has a normal neurologic examination at the time of emergency room assessment, he can be discharged safely to home We recommend creating a cloud-based (e.g. Does your personality fit with the program? B. It would be ideal to be specific about what you would contribute or be interested in getting involved in and why. Do they seem to enjoy being around each other, or does it seem like the residents are there because they have to be? However, keep in mind that because neurosurgery is such a small community where word travels quickly, you should always be on your best behavior, avoiding saying negative things about other people or programs. How would you describe yourself? This is also a great opportunity for you to see how the residents interact with each other. A. Answer: AC, 18. Anterior Circulation Aneurysms: Clip or Coil? D. They are most common in the lumbosacral area. Most depressed skull fractures require surgery to elevate the depressed bone fragment regardless of neurologic status Surgical therapy for epilepsy should be considered in patients with: "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", Which subspecialty of neurosurgery interests you? Tell me about yourself. B. Neurapraxia is a type of nerve injury in which the nerve is still in continuity but individual axons are disrupted. Other than that, the most grueling part of the application process was the amount of time and money it cost to interview. Try to keep this answer to 2-3 minutes or less – use this as an opportunity to include anything about yourself or your life story that you want the interviewer to learn about you. Complete excision of a brain abscess used to be the preferred method of treatment, and it is still performed occasionally today. The interview is one of the most important phases of the neurosurgical residency application process. C. Seizures arising from multiple areas of cerebral cortex. An epidural hematoma: C. C5–C6. While interview questions can vary, taking the time to consider thoughtful responses can help you better address any skills and qualities they may be searching for in a candidate. Answer: ABCD, 6. Answer: CD, 13. However, do not make excuses. Whether you're applying to residency positions through CaRMS or ERAS as a local applicant or an international medical graduate, you need to prepare for your residency interviews.In this blog, I'll go over both common and surprising residency interview questions and discuss the intent behind each question. Answer: AB, 12. The culture of the program is one of the most important factors to consider. The orders of your chief should be obeyed most of the time. Many lifelong friendships in neurosurgery begin on the interview trail – cherish this unique experience to make friends with future coresidents and colleagues (and coauthors, grant and paper reviewers…). Program policies will vary, but expect to act in an observer capacity only; you will likely not scrub in or be able to participate in any patient care activities. In this article, we have listed the most common questions for pharmacy interviews and the best answer for impressing the interviewer. Some applicants find it helpful to speak with a significant other, friend, or family member immediately after each interview to let this person hear their unfiltered opinion of how they felt at the interview; as the process winds down, they can then ask this person for their opinion of which programs the applicants sounded most excited about. Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) contributes to secondary brain injury by reducing cerebral perfusion pressure producing cerebral ischemia This is another opportunity to include information that is not in your application that is unique to you and by which you want to be remembered. D. For evaluating the bony detail of patients with facial trauma, CT is a better imaging modality than MRI. You can use some of the downtime during traveling to begin taking notes about the program you are about to visit. Please commit at least a yearly $250 donation to the Atlas. What do you plan to contribute to neurosurgery? Do not “no-show” an interview under any circumstances. D. Hydrocephalus. This event is one of the few times the residents will have the chance to see if you are the type of person they would want to work closely with for several years. Keep in mind that they are testing your clinical decision-making process while working within a team. Interview questions and answer examples and any other content may be used else where on the site. Answer: C, 29. You may even be asked to solve a riddle or tell a joke – so have an appropriate one ready! They can be found within the spinal subarachnoid space. B. Answer: B. c. If excision is complete, no further chemo-or radiation therapy is indicated As if the interview itself weren’t nerve-wracking enough, a small minority of programs are known for asking you to perform a task involving your hands, usually while the interviewers are asking you questions at the same time. It takes the core list of competencies that are required to be a good resident and physician and then develops a series of questions that will allow the interviewer to explore your past performance in these areas. See the NRMP Match statistics for the latest information regarding average rank list lengths, which change from year to year. Try to describe how committed you are to the profession and how excited you are to learn. While it may be tempting to … Neurosurgeons perform surgeries to treat disorders, illnesses, and injuries of the nervous system to remove tumors, relieve chronic pain, and treat wounds. Furthermore, very few medical schools provide extra funding (even loans) for the interview process. Usually, your interview day will consist of a short information session about the program, a tour of the hospital and/or city, meals (usually breakfast and lunch), and the actual interviews. You can describe this in your answer which will hopefully reveal how much you understand about the rigors ahead of you. The neurosurgeon interviewing you knows how cool neurosurgery is, you do not have to tell them! After the first few interviews, you will begin to recognize many of the same applicants attending the same interviews. If so, in what? D. Weakness of dorsiflexion of the foot is a mechanical sign of a lumbar disc herniation. Would you rather fight one horse-sized duck or 100 duck-sized horses? A symptomatic, solitary metastatic brain lesion should be removed if surgically accessible D. Stereotactic craniotomy for excision of arteriovenous malformation in the right posterior thalamus. Answer: DE, 15. When interviewing Neurosurgeons, look for candidates with an excellent working knowledge of microsurgeries, as well as leadership skills. Avoid answering with general reasons like the location or sports team. Dress in a semi-conservative manner. Do the residents appear to be sincerely happy? It is important to express your gratitude to programs for taking the time to interview you. There are countless stories of applicants who drank too much at their interview dinners and gained a negative reputation as a result. Be prepared to have a good answer for this question, especially if you identified research and academics as a primary interest. Interview formats vary, but most are two days, with a primarily social event the first afternoon/evening and the actual interviews lasting most of the second day. In the era of smartphones, it is the authors’ experience that popular interview dates can fill up as soon as three minutes after the invitation email is sent! Again, this is an opportunity to impress them with your understanding of the program, the culture there, and expose who you are by describing what it is that attracts you to the program itself. Of course, being prepared would be ideal but your question may be different than this one. How do you address this? We have included a list of relevant questions that you can ask the residency program. Since most everyone invited to interview is qualified to do the job, the purpose of the interview is really to identify applicants who are funny, personable, thoughtful, and above all normal. Whatever you choose, make sure that your answer reveals how committed you are to achieving your professional goals. The tasks usually involve building something out of Legos or clay, drawing something, or even tying knots. Answer: a, c, d. 39. This is a relatively common question so have your answer ready with a brief description of your failure and what you learned from it. If you must later cancel an accepted invitation, do so as soon as possible (by no means less than a week before the interview date) so the program coordinator can extend the invitation to another applicant. The best way to proceed is to describe your own strengths and what you bring to the table. B. This reflects far more poorly on you more than on the person/program of which you are speaking negatively! Do not be late to an interview - it is unacceptable to oversleep during residency, and it is also not acceptable to sleep through part of your interview day. Just like the previous question, you can answer this with an academic experience or a personal one. A. Do not “no-show” an interview under any circumstances. Take a deep breath and do your best. Neurosurgery is small field with a long memory; do not be a story. This is one of the most difficult questions for people to answer. As this is yet another opportunity to talk about your interests outside of medicine and to paint a picture of yourself as a fun and well-rounded person, we recommend avoiding books about neurosurgery. B. Subdural empyema is ordinarily treated by administration of antibiotics without the need for surgical drainage. Answer: BCD, 28. Answer: ACDE, 2. A few programs will make it very clear during the interview day that second looks are recommended for the applicants to be ranked highly at that program. Answer: D, 20. What do you think you can contribute to this program? One of the most rewarding parts of the interview trail is getting to travel around the country and meeting all of your future colleagues. By Jeff Gillis. Otherwise, the patient should always be aware of their diagnosis and medical management.