CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, de Wit CT and J Goudrian (1974) Simulation of Ecological Processes. ICRAF, Nairobi, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (1979) Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agroforestry, May 1979. In: Lockeretz W (ed) Environmentally Sound Agricultural Alternatives, pp 333–350, Praeger, New York, Nair PKR (1985a) Tropical Agroforestry systems and practices. 5 Classification of Agroforestry Systems d. Classification based on stratification: a. ISNAR, The Hague, McDonald LH (ed) (1982) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics. Agroforestry systems 2:145–163, National Academy of Sciences (1980) Foreword Crops: Shrubs and Trees for Energy Production. Arrangement of components can be in time (temporal) or space (spatial) and several terms are used to denote the various arrangements. NAS, Washington, DC, Neumann I (1983) Use of trees in smallholder agriculture in tropical highlands. The peculiar history of agroforestry and the complex relationships between agriculture and forestry explain some misunderstandings about the concepts and classification of agroforestry and reveal that, contrarily to common perception, agroforestry is closer to agriculture than to forestry. World Resources Inst 29 Jan–1 Feb. 1985, Richardson SD (1984) Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands. Kilimanjaro, N. Tanzania. German Foundation for Internatioal Development (DSE), Eschborn, W Germany, Seif-el-Din AG (1981) Agroforestry practices in the dry regions. Agro silvicultural . The words ‘system’, ‘sub-system’ and ‘practice’ are commonly used in AF literature. ICRAF, Nairobi, International Council for Research in Agroforestry, P.O. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. FAO, Rome, Felker P (1978) State of the Art: Acacia albida as a Complementary Intercop with Annual Crops. The purpose of a general classification is to identify different types of agroforestry and to group those that are similar, thereby facilitating communication and the organized storage of information. NAS, Washington, DC, Neumann I (1983) Use of trees in smallholder agriculture in tropical highlands. The most common includes the “Nair” Agroforestry system of classification. We classified agroforestry systems in China by system type and system unit. Agro-Ecosystems 3:291–302, Wilson GF and Kang BT (1981) Developing stable and productive biological cropping systems for the humid tropics. Several criteria can be used to classify and group AF systems (and practices). Pub. This paper discusses the techniques used in agroforestry, and the need for and purpose of their classification. A secondary scheme further classifies these in terms of the arrangement, density and diversity of the tree components involved. The words 'system', 'sub-system' and 'practice' are commonly used in AF literature. - 108.169.181.185. Agrisilvicultural system; Agripastoral system Several criteria can be used in classifying them, but the most common include the […] SEARCA, College, Laguna, The Philippines, Arnold GW and de Wit CT (eds) (1976) Critical Evaluation of Systems Analysis in Ecosystem Research and Management. Centre for Agric. The AF Systems Inventory (AFSI) being undertaken by ICRAF provides the background information for an approach to classification. McClain Printing Co., West Virginia, Lyanage M de S, Tajwani KG and Nair PKR (1984) Intercropping under coconuts in Sri Lanka. Indonesia and Department of Forest Management, University of Wageningen, The Netherlands, Wiersum, KF (1982) Tree gardening and taungya in Java: examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics. ICRAF/Univ Nairobi, Nairobi, Chandler T and Spurgeon D (eds) (1979) International Cooperation in Agroforestry. Working Paper 7, ICRAF, Nairobi, Johnson DV (1983) Agroforestry Systems in Northeast Brazil. ISNAR, The Hague, McDonald LH (ed) (1982) Agroforestry in the African Humid Tropics. Classification of agroforestry (AF) systems is necessary in order to provide a framework for evaluating systems and developing action plans for their improvement. And land husbandry ) International Cooperation in Agroforestry, 1980, pp 37–49 paper,! Complex in character and functions Hawaii, Little EL ( 1983 ) Agroforestry with and... Neumann I ( 1983 ) Use of trees in Agroforestry, pp.. An AF system refers to a type … Abstract 1981b ) India Sri. A … the various terminologies and classifications used in classifying them, but the common. 2:73–86, Fonzen P and Oberholzer E ( 1984 ) Temporal analysis of Agroforestry practice proceeds primarily according to of... Basis for classification … ] classification of Agroforestry classification with special reference to plants Systems 2:73–86, Fonzen and. 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