Apparently monarch eggs were laid on my parsley, dill, cilantro, and carrot plants because caterpillars are feeding on each of these plants (there are more caterpillars on the parsley than the other plants). The easy way to identify the black swallowtail caterpillar is to touch it and see and smell the little orange “horns” pop out on their head. I’d be 99.9% certain, they are swallowtails, feeding on Parsley. Thanks for the tip. relocate your starving In the process of sucking nectar out of flowers, it pollinates those flowers. larvae There are various people posting in the forum as to where to get good swan plants from – it all depends on where you are in NZ. Monarchs only eat milkweed. Others did not form their chrysalis completely. Wash the leaves in cold water and remove any bugs, etc. They look similar but have different antenna. Monarch caterpillars can also eat butternut squash (though I'm sure they'd rather eat milkweed if it is available). 🙂 🙂 This is from southwestern PA. Those are likely black eastern swallowtail if they’re on dill. imago Photo by iNaturalist user @lauraelviauribelara. butterfly from ovum on Tweedia to see if it has any detrimental effect on their development. Two summers ago Nelson couple Chrissie Ward and Tony Staufer raised 460 monarch … It can’t fly so it isn’t able to source food or a mate. Photo courtesy Ellen Reid. Related posts:Â. Part of themselves was outside the green lopsided chrysalis. are ready to enter Some schools are asking for donations of the plant which the Monarch butterflies eat. However there is only a few of these in New Of course other members of 5th year with this same experience with timing being consistently accurate. In NZ the natural food species of the monarch ( Danaus plexippus) larvae is the Asclepiadiae family – milkweed which includes swan plant ( Gomphocarpus fruticosus) and giant swan plant ( G. physocarpus) as well as Asclepias species such as tropical milkweed/bloodflower ( A. curassavica ).  Or perhaps local nurseries will get more milkweed in stock. I did some searching and did find some references: Last year, we had a shortage of swam plant, Gomphocarpus physocarpus/ swan plant. Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata. I found lots of input. The other three I guess I will just have to wait and see in two weeks or so when they emerge… 😀. Also I may have been saved from my first severe case of OE. I bought a 5 foot mesh net and put a milkweed plant in it for the cats I would move from the front of the house. I hope it was enough food. Just to clarify the study, this is Tony Gomez’s response: The Monarch feeds on solid food in its caterpillar stage and, after it transforms into an adult, it feeds on liquid food. onwards, this is about 0.75" or 18mm long. I: Insecticide – Avoid the use of any pesticides. Allow to dry. If you want to read the actual research report it can be purchased for $10 or viewed at any local library with a subscription to PNAS.” Join; Members. It’s very helpful. I searched for help in starting my Monarch waystation. They stopped eating the cucumber (I think because I got one with seeds), but still eating the butternut squash. The outdoor caterpillars ate everything at the front of the house. This plant has large leaves, which poses problems for the I’m I Houston, running out milk weed too, I have 41 hatched in house since early September, I keep them inside cause of wasps in my yard, now have 86 cats, but my small bush in yard has no more leaves, I went to UT picked some branches home Friday, and this morning I found 15 cats dead after eating that branches, I think they spray something poisonous on their bush. This is because it doesn't have the chemicals they need to I had 15 but am down to 13 but that’s ok. Many of the larvae will not make these transitions successfully.”. Should I leave pumpkin and cucumber about the yard, per some of the comments above? How do they time it? larvae when they nip the stem of the leaves as the wind will catch them and rip them off. Thanks. ovum larvae Good thing I have another one. fluffiness of the leaves. I’m so curious. Will the Monarch Migration Become Extinct? Page Created March 2009 The caterpillars quickly began to feed. (Cucurbita spp) This is a last resort food as it can only be fed to 5th instar larvae (this is about 1.75" or 40mm long). to die. . They didn’t like the store bought kale so much. When food is scarce, monarch butterfly caterpillars go from docile to domineering. Of course the favourite is any one of the 'Swan Plants' or 'Milkweeds'. Where do you all get your monarch caterpillars? I’ve now found two them hanging upside down on other plants ready to make a chrysalis so I think you’re right, that’s exactly what’s going on – thank you, and sorry for the panic!!! Any ideas?   See it with your own eyes. Several years ago when Jacqui told us about this. TTONN. instar Technically you are not allowed to move any part of the plant, but if you are After several days ‘nary a one is lingering in the yard. Too late now, I have to release them all to my almost bold-headed milkweed bush, and let the nature take the pick. Manchaca, Tx. There are still plenty of leaves on the milkweeds, many multi-leaved stems, there doesn’t seem to be any competition for food. Thanks. (The) Giant Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus physocarpus) and There are some other food sources available. Thank you for the info on the pumpkin and cucumber! My large caterpillars all seem to be leaving their plants, crawling through mulch and whatever else to go I don’t know where. ?still stuck Thank you for the Kale info! I sliced several pieces of squash and placed it nearby. Zealand like the Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) and I took the two largest home. on Moth Plant to see if it has any detrimental effect on their development. What a wonderful thing to do. I wonder if milkweed leaves could be adapted to this recipie, and whether the resulting “cakes” could be stored. If you want to watch every stage, you’ll need to put them in a cage or container. Learn more Related science. Pumpkin fruit. Tropical Milkweed - Bloodflower (Asclepias curassavica). ovum I Make no attempt to judge the merits of this finding. Took four larvae from my milkweeds to a monarch-certified botanical garden. I have pictures of them finishing it up. This is a last resort food as it can only be fed to 5th I settled on Monarch Butterfly Life because I could learn all I needed to know Plus get all the supplies I needed for my passion. I stopped bringing the outdoor caterpillars inside the net as we are getting too many and running out of milkweed. Pumpkin is not the best, Baldy. are easily acquired in New Zealand are (The) Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus fruticosus), We don’t really eat it anyway other then a few time in pasta I make. Large butterfly, wingspan up to 100 mm Caterpillars feed on plants of the Asclepiadaceae family, usually Swan plant in New Zealand Alternative food plants are Tweedia and Araujia Is there perhaps anyone in the Hutt valley area (I’m in Naenae) with anything spare. I gave them some this morning and I’ll see if they like it. Reliable DPLEX correspondent Harlen Aschen wrote to the listserv that reaches hundreds of butterfly fans that on a 1000-mile trip from Port Lavaca, Texas, past San Antonio to near Abilene and back around Austin “we saw no blooming milkweed.”, Yet that hasn’t stopped a tenacious group of butterfly lovers from raising caterpillars and hatching butterflies on “alternative fuels.”. However they have Should I pick them up and bring them back to the milkweed? I frantically called both Lowes and Home Depot, they had no milkweed in stock. I went back and forth between the laptop and the caterpillar and unless the eastern black swallowtail has develop the sets of alternating yellow, white, black, white and yellow strips what I have there is a Monarch. larvae Wasps. Sorry, I’m totally new at this and don’t really know what to expect. Professional butterfly breeders have been experimenting for years to keep their livestock well nourished when host plants become scarce. Large butterfly, wingspan up to 100 mm Caterpillars feed on plants of the Asclepiadaceae family, usually Swan plant in New Zealand Alternative food plants are Tweedia and … My experience with pumpkin is that it will feed the caterpillars but the butterflies will be deformed (as in small wings etc). successfully If you feed earlier instars (larvae/caterpillars) they will not survive. The best time to do this is in spring so the plant has a chance to grow to a reasonable size. I was able to get a side-by-side comparison of the monarch and swallowtail caterpillars and you were right. It seems every website indicates that the monarch caterpillar will only eat milkweed. Those were Swallowtails, which eat dill, parsley and fennel. These are the type with kill the I’m betting your caterpillar is not “eating” the mustard leaf, rather, it’s spinning the silk button to form its chrysalis. Beautiful butterflies. larvae Nice site. As far as I know Bt is not systemic; therefore, it would not be taken into the plant tissue. So far the weather here is okay (low’s in the 50’s and high’s in the 80’s, but I hope they all hatch and fly away before the next cold front. Monarch caterpillars do not feed on tomato plants, despite what may seem like … instar Site designed by Robert Arter-Williamson with logos by Ideally wash or hose the plant first, including May 26 at 12:34 pm. They demolished my kale but I let them. Thanks. So if you run out of milkweed and are looking for emergency food for a Monarch caterpillar, try feeding it a slice of butternut squash. Hope they make it to Iowa as I will have a great milkweed crop. Photo by Monika Maeckle, No milkweed? “Food of Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus [L.]) Larvae in New Zealand” by G. W. Ramsay needed urgently. Thank you for your information. the undersides of leaves and stems. Watch out for vomiting soon after introducing the The Monarch butterfly undergoes complete metamorphosis as it grows from an egg to an adult, the process being egg to caterpillar , caterpillar to chrysalis, and finally, the chrysalis becomes an adult butterfly. Jon Miller, Oklahoma City. This is the first time I find a Monarch caterpillar in a plant other than a milkweed. The most important thing to remember is that pumpkin and other alternative foods should only be fed to 5th instar Monarch caterpillars. Silk moth caterpillars are fed a “cake” made of mulberry leaves and some other ingredients. Ahhrrgg, now what? I was so excited! The cats like the butternut squash and cucumbers. I just tried cucumber and they are at least giving it a try, but not devouring it like milkweed. It worked. Are you sure they were monarchs? Monarch caterpillars do only eat plants in the Milkweed family ( Asclepias spp), so if we want to help them out in our wildlife gardens, we still need to add these plants to our gardens. Thanks again ! but they will go for the flowers, buds and seed pods first as they don't initially like the The adult Monarch Butterfly eats through its tubular proboscis, so it can consume only liquids. I feed my Cats on; Milkweed Vine All sprays will cause your The squash I had, acorn squash, did not work for my caterpillar. Chop the leaves into fine bits. There are organic cucumbers in my garden I could have used. Some ate, but died in the same spot. Monarch butterflies have made their way to Texas, but unfortunately not much milkweed greets them upon arrival. onto a vine. larvae U people need to try Fennel. Tweedia ( Oxypetalum caeruleum) is a … In north America it's main foodplants are Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa) - which is banned in NZ, Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata and other members of the Milkweed family (Asclepias spp). This year I will hit the window releasing them precisely timed with when they migrate comes through on the highway south here in the northwest corner of Arkansas. The main three which I’m hoping that by the time the hungry cats finish up the tender seedlings, my garden milkweeds will have taken off. into a butterfly. Gather mulberry leaves. I called our local co-op and asked about Bt, and they said that organic certification rules allow for some limited use of Bt, but that it would be applied on the exterior of the plant and fruit. South Florida- I checked my dozen or so Monarch Caterpillar only to find that their source of food had only a few milkweed leaves left. Guess they know what’s good. I have raised 5 generations this year with the last emerging precisely when it is time to catch the ride south. It worked.  “These cats are eating the skin of the cucumber,” relayed Addington. Poof! How to Get Native Milkweed Seeds to Germinate, Persnickety Texas milkweeds, May Not Lend Themselves to Mass Production, Tropical Milkweed:  To Plant it or Not is No Simple Question, Desperately seeking Milkweed:  Be sure to buy pesticide free plants, Butterfly FAQ:  Is it OK to Move a Chrysalis? It’s been great to see them grow and has been a great experience for my kids. Monarch caterpillars will eat butternut squash and a few other raw vegetables. Photo courtesy Ellen Reid, Paul Addington tried feeding his Monarch caterpillars cucumbers. Take a look at the caterpillar here: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/veg/leaf/checkered_white.htm. So it was amazing to see them on it. Can we invent something similar for monarchs? It may well be what the wild population needs to survive for a while. Ask for help to move your batch to someone local at. Such a certified garden may be an option for those without their own milkweed patch. Mine where eating my kale in the garden I live in New York. taking strands to feed to your hungry They seem to love it. Try to have way more than you need, and make some inaccessible to Monarch butterflies. If you are looking for native milkweed to feed hungary caterpillars and live near Wimberley, I have discovered milkweed where none was last year. metamorphose We’ll do this the next time we have several 5th stars at once. Help! It’s obviously got to cold so I brought them in. Some of the other vegetables that have successfully been fed to Monarch caterpillars in the last instar (last few days) are cucumber, zucchini, and pumpkin. Thank you. instar I first learned about feeding pumpkin from Jacqui Knight of Monarch Butterfly New Zealand Trust. The Monarch butterfly on the left was fed with pumpkin during its final instar. If I keep taking the milkweed from the yard, the outdoor caterpillars will run out. Better then them all freezing in this cold. “Food of Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus [L.]) Larvae in New Zealand” by G. W. Ramsay The most important thing to remember is that pumpkin and other alternative foods should only be fed to 5th instar Monarch caterpillars. Searching the web I encountered your .com in search of food alternatives. Good question—they just SEEM to know. So, if the monarch caterpillars only feed on milkweed, why are they doing very well on the parsley and other plants in my garden (I have only one milkweed plant and that has not been used by the monarchs)? Two garden centers I spoke to are expecting plants tomorrow but in the meanwhile there’s stems left. Grind dry bits into a powder. I have never reared larvae from They’re gone. 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