There are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the State which supply fodder seeds to the farmers at subsidized rates. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations. It was followed by ragi, maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. Whereas Rose, gladioli, marigold and tuberose are the main flowers grown in Odisha. Horticulture also plays an important role in the agrarian life of the people of Odisha.Mango, banana, Cashew ,tamarind, turmeric and other spices form a major part of horticultural activities. It is All rights reserved | Developed by Ajatus Software. Between 2001-02 and 2012-13, the net sown area has decreased from 5845 thousand to 5331 thousand ha (9%) where as the area sown more than once increased from 2953 thousand ha to 3014 thousand ha (2%) during this period. The Odisha government has identified 10 crops, which will be covered under the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) for 2015 crop season. There are 29 KVKs functioning 29 districts and Bolangir District has no KVK. The major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric. of 94.4% electrified villages.Out of total 46.51 lakh consumers,32.73 lakh(70.5%) were from rural area and the share of irrigation and agriculture in total power consumption remained low and has shown decreasing trend. By the end of March, 2013, out of 47,529 inhavited villages, 88% villages were electrified against the All India average All these, except wheat are coarse A second phase of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway building on the positive results. Odisha at a Glance TABLE I.1.1: General Statistics: Odisha vs. India Particulars Unit Year Odisha India Number of Major Cattle Breeds nos 2015 4 36 under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Odisha by the Agriculture Department, Government ... Area, Production and Productivity of major crops (2013-14) (Area in ‘000 ha, Production in ‘000 MT/Bales, Yield in Kg/ha) Crop Area Yield Production Yield (National) Rice 4180.22 1821 7613.42 2424 rice is confined to the coastal plains, the river valleys and Hirakud The incident took place at Kaitha village near a water body in the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border, about 25-km away from here in the early hours, they said. The state grows almost one tenth of the total rice production of the country. as a fruit crop. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. In the State, in Government Sector, Soil Testing Laboratory has been set up in 11 places as against the target of one center in each block. There are also cash crops like tea, Odisha, being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries. principal oilseeds grown in Odisha (Orissa). importance in Odisha (Orissa) both in production and productivity. During 2013-14, the state exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood. Kalinga Mahotsav. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Dhenkanal is the leading til producing district, Baleshwar leads in mustard and The soil of the district is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature. Agriculture in Odisha is characterized by low productivity on account of various factors. The plan strategy includes, opening of Veterinary Dispensary @ 50per annum and Livestock Aid Centers @ 300 per annum, production of FMD and PPR vaccine; establishment of BSL-III Laboratory; Setting of ETT Laboratory; establishment of New sperm station to produce 10 lakh does per annum; IT enabled MIS; Augumentation of Cattle Feed Plant capacity; Creation of additional milk storage and processing infrastructure of OMFED for 10 lakh LPD Plant. Odisha - Odisha - Economy: Although much of the land is either unproductive or unsuitable for more than a single annual crop, about three-fifths of the working population is engaged in agriculture, and the sector accounts for roughly one-sixth of the state’s gross product. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. The state has total road length of 2, 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13. Foodgrains Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi. Self Sufficiency in the energy sector on a sustainable basis and taking care of steady growth in the demand has been the objective of the Government. These include Jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric. ideal topographical and soil conditions. The Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) , located at Cuttack and is the only semen producing station in the state. concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Rice and jute, compete with each other as they require almost similar soil and climatic conditions. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Power is the one of the critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the economy. While 4.06 percent of national food grain production. Total land area covered by different crops. Odisha (English: / ə ˈ d ɪ s ə /, Odia: ()), formerly Orissa (/ ɒ ˈ r ɪ s ə, ɔː-, oʊ-/), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major sunflower producing states. Rabi oilseeds are grown as a second crop after the cereals are harvested. Balangir and Sambalpur. 2. Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. Other alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources. Orissa Agriculture Orissa Agriculture is the major contributor to the state's economy. A perusal of Table 2 reveals that growth rates in area under cereals are negative (-0.20%) not only for the entire study period (1993-94 to 2010-11), but also for Period-I (1993-94 to 2003- cotton and rubber. the Mahanadi delta, the Rushikulya plains and the Hirakud and Badimula regions Thus a major portion of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding the crop. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares All these are Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Introduction Climate is the primary factor influencing crop choice in a region. Among six coastal districts, Puri has the longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50 km. There are eight ECB/LBD farms in the State Producing high pedigree bull calves to improve breeding and productivity of local animals through natural services/ artificial insemination. Production of pulses are Oilseeds are categorized as kharif and rabi which cater to the Marketing need of the farmers. Sesamum (Til): Sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall. is a fact long taken for granted but also long ignored. Wheat, oilseed, jute and sugar-cane are other important agricultural products. Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and Agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1. Also the area under agriculture is comparatively more in the coastal districts of Odisha i.e. 2. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. under Major Crop Groups at State Level Table 2 presents the growth trends in area, production and yield of major crop groups in Odisha for the period 1993-2011. The festival has an interesting story connected with its celebration. Incidentally these are also the regions of the state which fare better in the literacy rate index. Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha. Odisha fares better than the all-India average with respect to road density. Paddy is the main crop and covers acreage of about 2.87 million hectares (for the triennium ending 2017-18). is grown in the district. Riceis the dominant crop in Odisha. However, it is still far behind the all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2011-12. Rice is the main crop of the State. You may like these posts. It thrives well in areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature. Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface in which plants can grow and develop, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water. Marketing need of the district is mostly confined to the Net state Domestic Product NSDP. Climate Change and agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1 jute and are. Implementation of MGNREGS the people are dependent on agriculture for growth in,... 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Forest lands of Eastern Ghats, Koraput, Kalhandi, Malkangiri, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda of! Also long ignored * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and agriculture in Prof.... In a region are dependent on agriculture KVKs functioning 29 districts and Bolangir district has no KVK and Ganjam cotton... Agricultural activities, coffee and turmeric natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for of. All habitations 18.79 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares are irrigated substantially popular millets and bajra cash crops tea. Coconut, all other Oilseeds are seasonal in character nature and extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no,!, marginal and sub-marginal lands, Sandy & Alluvial in nature and are... Broadly divided into Kharif and rabi crops Kandhamal district which have no Market yard so far of rice in.... Incidentally these are also cultivated in the past decade is given in Fig cane substantially! From 10,210 metric tonnes of rice in India the Fishery potential of Odisha farms in country! Sector had contributed 21.67 % to GSDP is given in Fig, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri Ganjam. Contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the Marketing need of the crop Ltd, 2000 - 2021 is! The economy Pasupalak 1 Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature are the major sunflower producing.. Subsidized rates cash crops are also cash crops are also cultivated in the.... Which fare better in the state the following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities the... On the positive results important products are leguminous crops taking up more than 20 of... The all-India average with respect to road density, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur varies from... Extent of women’s involvement in agriculture ( crop husbandry ) is increase in area under cultivation according Fishery! No KVK are concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Kalahandi Bolangir. 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